Data taken from the 2011 UNAIDS World AIDS Day Report
The Caribbean (The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Suriname and Trinidad and Tobago) is the region most affected by HIV in the Americas. Here is where the region stands based on UNAIDS/WHO estimates:
DIFFERENT DYNAMICS REGARDING THE NUMBER OF PLHIV BY COUNTRY
Between 2001 and 2009, in Haiti and Guyana the number of PLHIV declined; it remained the same in Jamaica, but increased in the rest of the seven larger Caribbean countries. (The Bahamas, Belize, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Suriname and Trinidad and Tobago.
MANY CARIBBEAN COUNTRIES HAVE AN ADULT HIV PREVALENCE ABOVE 1%
When the HIV rate in the general population is higher than one percent this is defined as a general epidemic. That means that while communities with higher risk such as men who have sex with men and sex workers may contribute disproportionately to the spread of HIV, heterosexual transmission is also sufficient to sustain an epidemic independent of those groups.
VARYING DYNAMICS BETWEEN COUNTRIES REGARDING ADULT HIV PREVALENCE
In Barbados, Belize, Cuba and Trinidad and Tobago adult HIV prevalence increased between 2001 and 2009. In Guyana, Haiti and Jamaica declining rates were observed. The Bahamas, the Dominican Republic and Suriname have had stable adult HIV prevalence over the specified period.